Context: Forensic science is a branch of science that deals with the application of science and technology in solving a crime and this requires a multidisciplinary team effort. The word “Forensic” is derived from the Latin word, “Forensis” which means the study of public. Dental professionals should develop interests in contributing to legal issues. Aims: To study the lip prints among people of different races. Settings and Design: Descriptive study. Subjects and Methods: The present study comprised of ninety subjects of which Group A comprised of Africans, Group B comprised of Dravidian, and Group C of Mongoloid race. Each group was then further divided into 15 males and 15 females for whom the lip prints were recorded and evaluated. Statistical Analysis Used: ANOVA test. Results: ANOVA statistical analysis was used to compare three races of African, Dravidian, and Mongoloid races. The observed data among male and female were found to be significant with a P = 0.000492. Conclusion: The present study showed a significant difference in lip pattern among the three races. Perhaps future studies with a larger sample size and comparison between many other races may be done for better personal identification.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Laliytha Kumar, Venkatesh Jayaraman, Philips Mathew, S Ramasamy, & Ravi Austin. (2016). Reliability of lip prints in personal identification: An inter-racial pilot study. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences, 8(3), 215–217. https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-1475.195115
- KasprzakJ. Possibilities of cheiloscopy.Forensic Sci Int 1990;46:145-51.
- Tsuchihashi Y. Studies on personal identification by means of lip prints. Forensic Sci 1974;3:233‑48.
- Suzuki K, Tsuchihashi Y. New attempt of personal identification by means of lip print. J Indian Dent Assoc 1970;42:8‑9.
- Augustine J, Barpande SR, Tupkari JV. Cheiloscopy as an adjunct to forensic identification: A study of 600 individuals. J Forensic Odontostomatol 2008;26:44‑52.
- Castelló A, Alvarez‑Seguí M, Verdú F. Luminous lip‑prints as criminal evidence. Forensic Sci Int 2005;155:185‑7.
- Ball J. The current status of lip prints and their use for identification. J Forensic Odontostomatol 2002;20:43‑6.
- Sivapathasundharam B, Prakash PA, Sivakumar G. Lip prints (cheiloscopy). Indian J Dent Res 2001;12:234‑7.
- Randhawa K, Narang RS, Arora PC. Study of the effect of age changes on lip print pattern and its reliability in sex determination. J Forensic Odontostomatol 2011;29:45‑51.
- Verghese AJ, Somasekar M, Umesh BR. A study on lip print types among the people of Kerala. J Indian Acad Forensic Med 2010;32:6‑7.
- Jaishankar S. Lip prints in personal identification. JIADS 2010;1:23.