A cephalometric study of skulls from the Bahriyah oasis


  • Moushira Zaki Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre
  • Muhammad Soliman Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre
  • Hala El-Bassyouni Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre


Ancient, cephalometry, crania, Greco-Roman period, sexual dimorphism


Objectives: To determine the craniofacial characteristics of crania from the Bahariyah oasis dating from the Greco-Roman period and to compare their cephalometric traits with other ancient Egyptian samples from various time periods and to evaluate sexual dimorphism. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 149 skulls (90 males and 59 females), belonging to the Greco-Roman (332 B.C. - 395 A.D.). Lateral and postero-anterior cephalograms were taken. Sixteen linear measurements were analyzed and six indices were calculated. Results: Significant differences were found between males and females almost in all measurements. All male measurements were greater than those of the females. The study shows notable differences in the craniofacial parameters of the present sample as compared to other ancient Egyptians from various periods and from various geographical areas. Conclusion: The present study suggests that the studied crania from Bahriyah oasis had a specific craniometric phenotype, which is distinguished from other Egyptian samples from different periods, suggesting some migration could have occurred along the Egyptian Nile Valley over various times.


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How to Cite

Moushira Zaki, Muhammad Soliman, & Hala El-Bassyouni. (2012). A cephalometric study of skulls from the Bahriyah oasis. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences, 4(2), 88–92. Retrieved from https://jfds.org/index.php/jfds/article/view/517