Craniofacial and oral manifestation of child abuse: A dental surgeon's guide


  • S. Karthika Nagarajan COCPAR, Department of Oral Pathology, Sree Balaji Dental College, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu



Child abuse, dentist, neglect, odontologist, oral manifestations


Children should be given the privilege to mature in a loving, supportive family environment that promotes the development of an individual to his/her full potential. The abuse and neglect of children is a problem that pervades all segments of society. Dentists/forensic odontologists are in a strategic position to recognize mistreated children. While the detection of dental care neglect is an obvious responsibility for dentists, other types of child abuse and neglect also may present themselves in the dental office. Once this information is known to the dentist, he/she can join physicians in protecting children from injury.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Kacker L, Mohsin N, Dixit A, Varadan S, Kumar P, UNICEF. Study on child abuse: India, New Delhi: Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India: 2007;122-34.

Walsh K, Latzman NE, Latzman RD. Pathway from child sexual and physical abuse to risky sex among emerging adults: The role of trauma-related intrusions and alcohol problems. J Adolesc Health 2014;54:442-8.

Young JC, Widom CS. Long-term effects of child abuse and neglect on emotion processing in adulthood. Child Abuse Negl 2014; 38:1369-81.

Kellogg N. Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics; 2005:116;1565-67.

Jessee SA. Physical manifestations of child abuse to the head, face and mouth: A hospital survey. ASDC J Dent Child 1995;62:245–249.

Herrenkohl, RC. The definition of child maltreatment: from case study to construct. Child Abuse and Neglect 2005;29:413.

Costacurta M, Benavoli D, Arcudi G, Docimo R. Oral and dental signs of child abuse and neglect. Oral & Implantology 2015;8:68-73.

Bellemare S. Child abuse by suffocation: A cause of apparent lifethreatening events. Paediatrics & Child Health. 2006;11:493-5.

Pretty IA. The barriers to achieving an evidence base for bitemark analysis, Forensic science international 2006; 159S: S110-S120.

Jesse SA. Recognition of bite marks in child abuse cases. Pediatric Dentistry 1994;16:336-39.

Graham DI. Paediatric head injury. Brain 2001;7:1261-2.

Vadiakas G, Roberts MW, Dilley DC. Child abuse and neglect: ethical issues for dentistry. J Mass Dent Soc 1991;40:13-5.

Kenney JP. Forensic Science International 2006;159S:S121-5.

Oral and dental aspects of child abuse and neglect. American Academy of Pediatrics 1999;104:348-50.

Tsang A, Sweet D. Detecting child abuse and neglect – are dentists doing enough? J Can Dent Assoc 1999; 65:387-91




How to Cite

S. Karthika Nagarajan. (2018). Craniofacial and oral manifestation of child abuse: A dental surgeon’s guide. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences, 10(1), 05–07.



Review Article