A Comparative Evaluation between Dermatoglyphic Patterns and the Permanent Molar Relationships – An Attempt to Predict the Future Malocclusions


  • Vignesh R. Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai – 600077, Tamil Nadu
  • C. Vishnu Rekha Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai – 600119, Tamil Nadu
  • Sankar Annamalai Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai – 600095, Tamil Nadu
  • Parisa Norouzi Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai – 600095, Tamil Nadu
  • Ditto Sharmin Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Venkateswara Dental College and Hospital, Chennai – 600130, Tamil Nadu




Angle’s Classification, Dermatoglyphics, Malocclusion.


Background: Due to the similar duration of development, finding the dermatoglyphic patterns to predict malocclusions can help a pediatric dentist to attempt any necessary preventive and interceptive orthodontic therapies. Aim: To assess the correlation between different dermatoglyphic patterns with the permanent molar relationships. Materials and Methods: 300 children who are 14-16 years old with completely erupted 2nd permanent molars up to occlusal table were recruited and the pattern of molar terminal plane was recorded in the proforma. Finger prints of these subjects were recorded with ink and roller method. Forensic analyst analysed the prints and classified based on the classification given by Galton and also calculated the finger ridge count as given by Cummins and Midlo Statistical analysis used: Chi-Square test was applied to compare proportions between all the groups and also for gender comparison. Fisher’s exact test was used when any expected cell frequency of less than five were obtained. Paired t-Test and McNemar’s test were applied to compare values between right and left hand. Results: Class I children showed absence of arch pattern in thumb and little finger of left hand; and higher total finger ridge count in right hand when compared to left hand. Children with Class II molar relationship had a significant association with presence of arch pattern in thumb finger of left hand; and presence of whorl pattern in both left and right ring fingers. Class III had a significant association with presence of loop pattern in left thumb finger and little finger; absence of arch pattern in thumb of right hand. Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics can be a useful non-invasive analytical tool to predict malocclusions in permanent dentition and sometimes, to identify an individual. Further studies with larger sample size are required to provide an insight into its significant correlations.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Angle EH. Classificaiton of malocclusion. Dent Cosmos. 1988;41:248–64.

Sandhu SS, Bansal N, Sandhu N. Incidence of malocclusions in India - a review. J Oral Health Comm Dent. 2012;6(1)21–4. https://doi.org/10.5005/johcd-6-1-21 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5005/johcd-6-1-21

Das UM, Venkatsubramanian, Reddy D. Prevalence of malocclusion among school children in Bangalore, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2008;1(1):10–2. PMid: 25206082 PMCid: PMC4086541. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1002

Ðidlauskas A, Lopatiene K. Prediction of malocclusion development based on the evaluation of the ethiologic factors. Stomatologija. 2003;5:22–6.

Chen F, Terada K, Hanada K. A new method of predicting mandibular length increment on the basis of cervical vertebrae. Angle Orthod. 2004;74:630–4.

Fields HW, Vann WF Jr. Prediction of dental and skeletal relationships from facial profiles in preschool children. Pediatr Dent. 1979;1(1):7–15.

Onyeasoa CO, Isiekweb MC. Occlusal changes from primary to mixed dentitions in Nigerian children. Angle Orthod. 2008;78(1):6. PMid: 18193957. https://doi.org/10.2319/021207-66.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2319/021207-66.1

Raghav P, Kumar N, Shingh S, Ahuja NK, Ghalaut P. Lip prints: The barcode of skeletal malocclusion. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2013;5:110–7. PMid: 24255559 PMCid: PMC3826038.

https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-1475.119777 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-1475.119777

Babu DBJ, Asif SM. Dermatoglyphics in dentistry: A review. Int J Contemp Dent Med Rev. 2015;2015:010515.

Midlo C. The topographic history of the volar pads (walking pads) in the human embryo. Embryol Carnig Int Wash. 1929;20:103–9.

Cummins. Revised methods of interpretation and formulation of palmar dermatoglyphics. Am J Phy Anthr. 1929;12:415–502. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.1330120303

Galton F. Fingerprints. London: McMillan; 1982.

Reddy BR, Sankar SG, ET Roy, Govulla S. A comparative study of dermatoglyphics in individuals with normal occlusions and malocclusions. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7(12):3060–5. PMid: 24551728 PMCid: PMC3919374. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2013/7663.3853 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2013/7663.3853

Kanematsu N, Yoshida Y, Kishi N, Kawata K, Kaku M, Maeda K, Taoka M, Tsutsui H. Study on abnormalities in the appearance of finger and palmprints in children with cleft lip, alveolus and palate. J Maxillofac Surg.1986;14(2):74–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-0503(86)80265-X

Eslami N, Jahanbin A, Ezzati A, Banihashemi E, Kianifar H. Can dermatoglyphics be used as a marker for predicting future malocclusions? Electronic Physician. 2016;8(2):1927–32. PMid: 27054000 PMCid: PMC4821306. https://doi.org/10.19082/1927 DOI: https://doi.org/10.19082/1927

Deepti A, Dagrus K, Shah V, Harish M, Pateel D, Shah N. Dermatoglyphics: A plausible role in dental caries and malocclusion? Indian J Oral Health Res. 2016;2:32–5. https://doi.org/10.4103/2393-8692.184735 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2393-8692.184735

Tikare S, Rajesh G, Prasad K, Thippeswamy V, Javali S. Dermatoglyphics - A marker for malocclusion. Int Dent J. 2010;60: 300–4.

Rajput S, Shenoy S, Thoke B. Palmar dermatoglyphics verses malocclusion: A pilot study. International Journal of Research in Dentistry. 2014;4(6):48–56.

Kaur J, Khokhar V, Pathak A. Dermatoglyphics - as a diagnostic tool in detection of malocclusion. Int J Recent Sci Res. 2016;7(7):12400–4.

Suhas D, Sharmada AS, Tayeepriyanka BK. Dermatoglyphic patterns and their co-relation with skeletal malocclusions. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2016;15(3):101– 4. https://doi.org/10.9790/0853-150911101104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/0853-150911101104

Jindal G, Pandey RK, Gupta S, Sandhu M. A comparative evaluation of dermatoglyphics in different classes of malocclusion. Saudi Dent J. 2015;27(2):88–92. PMid: 26082575 PMCid: PMC4459115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sdentj.2014.11.012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sdentj.2014.11.012

Trehan M, Kapoor DN, Tandon P, Sharma VP. A Correlative study of dermatoglyphic pattern with malocclusion. J Ind Orthod Soc. 2001;34:114–25.

Mathew L, Hegde AM, Rai K. Dermatoglyphic peculiarities in children with oral clefts. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2005;23:179–82. PMid: 16327138. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.19005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.19005




How to Cite

R., V., Vishnu Rekha, C., Annamalai, S., Norouzi, P., & Sharmin, D. (2020). A Comparative Evaluation between Dermatoglyphic Patterns and the Permanent Molar Relationships – An Attempt to Predict the Future Malocclusions. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences, 12(1), 23–30. https://doi.org/10.18311/jfds/12/1/2020.11