Comparison and Association of Dermatoglyphics and Dental Anomalies in Three Different Regional Populations of India: An Original Study
Aim: The purpose of our study was to investigate and find the association of dental anomalies with the dermatoglyphic pattern within three regional populations of India. Methods: The present study included 600 subjects. 200 from each population were selected randomly and examined for dental anomalies and their dermatoglyphic patterns were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: The study was analyzed by a chi-square test. Results: One dental anomaly was consistently noted in all three populations. Out of 600 subjects, 40.8% had positional anomalies. Shoveling, congenitally missing teeth, and winging were seen significantly in North-Eastern (23.0%), Jammu & Kashmir (5%), and Western Uttar Pradesh (6%) population groups in order. The most common dermatoglyphic pattern seen in all three populations was an ulnar loop. Significant relation between shoveling and whorl pattern was seen in the North-Eastern population. The presence of rotation was significantly more among subjects with a whorl pattern. Conclusion: The study concluded that dermatoglyphics can be used as an indicator of few dental anomalies. It can help in identifying the gender, race of an unidentified person, and various diseases which are correlated with dental anomalies that can be detected earlier.
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